Muslim Jerusalem : Why do Muslims insist that Jerusalem is their Holy City?
Written by Dan Zaremba
Tuesday, 29 July 2008
http://islammonitor.org/index.php?optio ... &Itemid=66
Kalif Umar menginvasi Yerusalem
Setelah kematian Muhammad, tentara Muslim dibawah Kalif Umar menginvasi Yerusalem th638M. Alasannya BUKAN karena Yerusalem dianggap sbg kota suci Islam, tapi utk memenuhi ajaran Islam utk menundukkan semua wilayah dibawah panji Islam. Tidak ada sumber sejarah yg bisa menguatkan claim Muslim atas Yerusalem sbg tempat suci islam. Tempat suci Yahudi sih iya, tapi bukan tempat suci Muslim.
Muhamad ingin menarik hati Yahudi dan mengajak mereka masuk Islam dgn cara bersolat menghadapi Yerusalem (kiblat Yahudi). TAPI begitu ia tahu bahwa Yahudi tidak berniat memeluk agamanya bernama Islam itu, Muhamad memindahkan kiblat dari Yerusalem ke Mekah.
Konsep Yerusalem sbg tempat suci Muslim lahir 50 thn setelah kematian Muhamad, yi thn 682 ketika Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr memberontak melawan kalif kedua Umayyad, Yazid B. Muawiyah dan setelah merebut Mekah menghalangi Muslim beribadah haji.
Pengikut Muawiyah, Kalif Abdul Malik perlu tempat alternatif bagi ibadah haji tsb dan memutuskan utk memilih Yerusalem yg saat itu berada dibawah kekuasaannya.
Utk meyakinkan pengikut bahwa kota baru itu sesuci Mekah, Abdul Malik
menggunakan 'taktik teologi kreatif' yi dgn mempersembahkan kembali teori bahwa 'nabi telah melancong ke sebuah tempat yg namanya Mesjid Terjauh (Al-Aqsa), selama perjalanannnya naik kuda bersayap Bouraq ke surga ke-7 di thn 619M.'
Mesjid Al-Aqsa memang disebut dlm Qur'an:
[Q17:1] Maha Suci Allah, yang telah memperjalankan hamba-Nya pada suatu malam dari Al Masjidilharam ke Al Masjidilaksa yang telah Kami berkahi sekelilingnya agar Kami perlihatkan kepadanya sebagian dari tanda-tanda (kebesaran) Kami.
TAPI PERHATIKAN : mana sebutan bahwa mesjid Al-Aqsa = Yerusalem ???? Ini hanya isapan jempol Muslim !
Muhamad sendiri dlm hadis tidak pernah menyebut nama Yerusalem. Lagipula saat si Muhamad melanglangbuana ke surga ke-7 naik Bouraq gratis, TIDAK ada satupun kuil, apalagi mesjid yg berdiri di Yerusalem. Kenapa ? Karena satu2nya kuil Yahudi terakhir disana diHANCURKAN pd thn 70M oleh kaisar Romawi Titus (sekitar 500 thn sebelum tahun kelahiran Muhamad).
Aneh bahwa pakar2 Islam tidak mempedulikan fakta penting macam ini. Mereka hanya mengatakan, 'Oh, si Mamad kite tukang ramal kok, jadi dia udah bisa melihat adanya mesjid disana, walau saat itu belon dibangun.' Lagi2 teori dan hipotesa Muslim yg tidak didukung dgn bukti.
Nah, utk mendukung teorinya ini, si Kalif membangun mesjid yg kemudian menjadi the Dome of the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhra) dan kemudian Mesjid Terjauh (Mesjid al-Aqsa ).
TAPI, Al Malik tetap juga belum berhasil meyakinkan pengikut2nya akan kesucian Yerusalem shg pengikutnya masih saja berkiblat ke Mekah, spt yg dilakukan nenek moyang mereka sejak jaman berhala jahiliyah.
Malah, orang2 Arab tahu bahwa Mesjid al-Aksa sebenarnya berada di Mekah. Ini ditulis dlm Kitab al-Maghazi, oleh sejarawan dan geografer al-Waqidi (w. 822M). Menurutnya, ada dua tempat ibadah di al-Gi’ranah, sebuah desa antara Mekah & Ta’if, yg satu adalah “mesjid yg lebih dekat” (al-masjid al-adana) dan yg lain adalah “mesjid terjauh" (al-masjid AL-AQSA).
Begitu pula Muslim tidak peduli dgn “kesucian Yerusalem” sampai Saladin
(1138-1193) membangunkan kembali mitos al-masjid al-aqsa yg berguna utk membangkitkan semangat jihad melawan kaum Salibi, pemilik asli Yerusalem, yg ingin merebut tanah mereka kembali dari tangan kolonialis Muslim.
PUN setelah kaum Salibi berhasil dikalahkan, selama 700 thn Yerusalem masih tetap merupakan sebuah kota yg predominan Kristen dan 'mesjid2 suci Muslim' itu diselimuti debu dan sarang laba2 dan tidak pernah menarik pehijrah Allah.
Dome of the Rock yg tidak diacuhkan dan dibiarkan dlm keadaan semi-runtuh, ca 1875
Yerusalem sendiri (sebgm Palestina) kehilangan pengaruhnya dan menjadi sebuah kota terbelakang dgn ekonomi yg 1/2 semaput. l
Kebanyakan penduduknya mengalami kemiskinan dan kawasan sekitarnya, dari permulaan invasi Muslim, menjadi obyek penjarahan dari suku2 Beduin dan tentara2 Muslim berikutnya yg tidak pernah kehilangan nafsu menginvasi.
Berbagai tentara Muslim ini melanjutkan jihad mereka melawan penduduk Yahudi dan Kristen di Yerusalem & Palestinai.
(E.g. in 937 A.D.):
The Muslims attacked . . . in Jerusalem on Palm Sunday (26 March 937) and set fire to the southern gates of Constantine’s church and to half of the exedra, whereupon the Church of the Calvary and the Church of the Resurrection collapsed. . . . According to al-Makin and al-Maqrizi, the Church of the Resurrection and the Church of the Calvary were also robbed of their treasures. . . . It seems at the same time the Muslims attacked in Ascalon again. According to Yahya b. Sa’id, the assault was made on “the great church there, known by the name of Mary the Green. They destroyed it and robbed it of all its contents and then set fire to it.’ . . . The bishop of Ascalon then left for Baghdad to get permission to rebuild the church, but he did not succeed. The church was left in ruins, for the Muslims who lived in Ascalon agreed amongst themselves that they would not allow it to be built again. As to the bishop, he never returned to Ascalon and remained in Ramla until his death.
(Gil, History of Palestine quoted from -A. Bostom, The Legacy of Jihad, p.48)
During so called periods of relative “peace” the inhabitants of Jerusalem as well as the whole Palestine were exposed to apartheid, humiliation and intolerance:
(Reported in 1011) - They were ordered to wear black turbans. The Christians had to wear a cross the length of a cubit and weighing five ratls around the necks: the Jews were obliged to wear a block of wood of similar weight …... they had to wear some distinguishing mark in the bath—houses, and finally al—Hakim decided that there were to be separate bath-houses for their use, . . . Ibn Al—Athir conveys ... that al-Hakim ordered (after the destruction of the Church of the Resurrection in Jerusalem... ) that all the churches in the realm be destroyed, and this was done, and that the Jews and Christians were then to accept Islam, or emigrate to Byzantine lands. They were also obliged to wear special distinguishing signs. Many converted… Bar Hebraeus speaks of thousands of churches which were destroyed in the Fatimid kingdom at that time; the decree regarding the wearing ii the cross around the neck was also, he says, a means of pressuring the Christians to convert. The wooden block the Jews were obliged to wear, had to be in a shape of a calf, as a reminder of the golden calf. (Gil, History of Palestine quoted from -A. Bostom, The Legacy of Jihad, p.48-49)
The Turcoman period just before the crusades (1071-1099) was known among the inhabitants of Palestine as the “End of Days”:
Then Atsiz advanced on Jerusalem from Damascus, placed the city under siege, and promised its inhabitants the aman; on this basis, the inhabitants opened the gates of the city to him. Atsiz prevailed over Jerusalem, completely ignoring his promise of aman, and went on rampage. He slaughtered 3,000 people there….
He also conducted campaigns of annihilation against Ramla, until all its people had fled, against Gaza, where he murdered the entire population. He likewise massacred people in al-Arish and elsewhere and wrought endless havoc in Damascus, where only 3,000 of the original 500,000 had remained, due to starvation and and scarcity. Jaffa too was attacked, and its governor … fled from the town to Tyre, together with all the city’s inhabitants, while the walls of Jaffa were destroyed on Atsis orders. (cited in Andrew, G. Bostom, The Legacy of Jihad)
Despite the most vigorous Islamic attempts to convince gullible Westerners that the Muslim invasion of Palestine was in fact the liberation of “Arabs from Byzantine oppression”, the historical sources speak up loud and clear about the centuries of Muslim, rape, pillage, genocide and forced conversions of Christians and Jews.
The quotation below is a contemporary poem by Solomon ha-Kohen b. Joseph, from a family of Palestinian Jewish eligious leaders ca: 1070):
They were a strange and cruel people, girt with garments of many colors,
Armed and officered-chiefs araong ‘the terrible ones’
And capped with helmets, black and red,
With bow and spear and full quivers;
And they trumpet like elephants, and roar as the roaring ocean,
To terrify, to frighten those who oppose them,
And they are wicked men and sinners, madmen, not sane,
And they laid waste the cities, and they were made desolate
And they rejoiced in their hearts, hoping to inherit.
He [God) also remembered what they had done to the people of Jerusalem,
That they had besieged them twice in two years,
And burned the heaped corn and destroyed the places,
And cut down the trees and tranwled upon the vineyards,
And surrounded the city upon the high mountains,
And despoiled the graves and threw out the bones,
And built palaces, to protect themselves against the heat,
And erected an altar to slay upon it the abominations;
And the men and women ride upon the walls
Crying onto the God of gods, to quiet the great anger,
Standing the whole night, banishing sleep
While the enemy destroy, evening and morning,
And break down the whole earth, and lay bare the ground,
And stand the highways, intending to slay like Cain,
And cut off the ears, and also the nose,
And rob the garments, leaving them stand naked,
And also roar like lions, and roar like young lions;
They do not resemble men, they are like beasts,
And also harlots and adulterers, and they inflame themselves with males,
They are bad and wicked and spiteful as Sodomites.
And they impoverished the sons of nobles, and starved the delicately bred.
And all the people of the city went out and cried in the field,
Anti covered their lips, silent in their pains,
Anti they had no mercy on widows, and pitied not the orphans.
(J. Greenstone's translation quoted from -A. Bostom, The Legacy of Jihad, p.50-51)
Farming, the life support system, virtually ceased and was replaced by the nomadic Bedouin herdsmen adding even further to the total deprivation of the agricultural land.
When Mark Twain visited Palestine in 1867 he was surprised to find the holy city of Jerusalem dirty, impoverished and neglected:
A FAST walker could go outside the walls of Jerusalem and walk entirely around the city in an hour. I do not know how else to make one understand how small it is…..
The population of Jerusalem is composed of Moslems, Jews, Greeks, Latins, Armenians, Syrians, Copts, Abyssinians, Greek Catholics, and a handful of Protestants. One hundred of the latter sect are all that dwell now in this birthplace of christianity. The nice shades of nationality comprised in the above list, and the languages spoken by them, are altogether too numerous to mention. It seems to me that all the races and colors and tongues of the earth must be represented among the fourteen thousand souls that dwell in Jerusalem. Rags, wretchedness, poverty and dirt, those signs and symbols that indicate the presence of Moslem rule more surely than the crescent-flag itself, abound. Lepers, cripples, the blind, and the idiotic, assail you on every hand, and they know but one word of but one language apparently -- the eternal "bucksheesh." To see the numbers of maimed, malformed and diseased humanity that throng the holy places and obstruct the gates, one might suppose that the ancient days had come again, and that the angel of the was expected to descend at any moment to stir the waters of Bethesda. Jerusalem is mournful, and dreary, and lifeless. I would not desire to live here. (source)
The final chapter however of the saga was created by the Grand Mufti Haj Amin al Husseini who revived the myth of Jerusalem as the third holiest Muslim City in order to oppose the resurrection of Israel.
Since Arab nationalism was non-existent (the idea of a state as understood by the West is totally alien to Islamic culture) he reinvented the Islamic holiness of Jerusalem to stir the local Muslim Arabs into violent jihad against the Jews.
And so as soon as Herbert Samuel appointed him to the position of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Husseini started his propaganda to raise Jerusalem’s status as an Islamic holy city. One of his first projects was to refurbish the decaying Temple of the Rock and al Aqsa mosque.
His disciple and replacement - Arafat continued this Holy Islamic Farce.
Of course the ordinary, brainwashed Muslims will always do what they are told by their leaders and imams but why should the West repeat the same errors again and again by allowing murderous political systems like the Nazis or Islam to exist and expand?
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