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Muslim Menghancurleburkan Kuburan Sakral Di Timbuktu

PostPosted: Sun Jul 01, 2012 5:57 pm
by walet

Islamic militants set fire to sacred tombs in Timbuktu


By the CNN Wire Staff
June 30, 2012 -- Updated 2126 GMT (0526 HKT)

Image
Wanita Timbuktu

STORY HIGHLIGHTS
The tombs are a 15th century shrine to Muslim saints
The Ansar Dine militant group has destroyed some of the tombs
The Islamist group says people shouldn't worship saints
Timbuktu is a World Heritage site

(CNN) -- UNESCO on Saturday condemned the destruction of three sacred tombs in Timbuktu, Mali, by Islamic militants who say they will destroy more.

The tombs, a 15th century shrine to Muslim saints, are part of a World Heritage site in Timbuktu.

The destruction started Friday.

"The militants broke the doors and wooden gates to the grave and then used the cloth inside to set fire to the tomb," said Sankoum Sissoko, a resident in Timbuktu. "They started chasing people away, telling them they shouldn't worship a saint, a human being."

He witnessed the attack together with other Timbuktu residents who had come to the tombs to pray.

Timbuktu's treasures at risk

"The Islamists know a lot of people visit the grave on Fridays. That's why they attack on those days," Sissoko said.

UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova called for the militants to stop the destruction immediately. The U.N. agency sponsors cultural, scientific, and educational programs to further peaceful relations between nations.

"Reports that the Mausoleums of Sidi Mahmoud, Sidi Moctar and Alpha Moya have been destroyed is extremely distressing," she said. "There is no justification for such wanton destruction and I call on all parties engaged in the conflict to stop these terrible and irreversible acts, to exercise their responsibility and protect this invaluable cultural heritage for future generations."

Timbuktu Muslims on their way to Friday worship at the tombs were stopped and threatened by armed men from Ansar Dine, a militant group that seeks to impose strict Sharia law, Timbuktu Mayor Ousmane Halle said.

"The Islamists have surrounded he tombs with their cars after chasing people away and at the moment they're destroying the mausoleum of Sidi El Moctar," Halle said.

Rebels burn Timbuktu tomb

According to several witnesses the militants said they wouldn't stop until the destruction was complete.

"Today we will destroy all the mausoleums," Ansar Dine representative Sanda Ould Boumama said.

Just on Thursday, the World Heritage Committee had accepted the request of the Malian government to place Timbuktu on UNESCO's sites in danger.

France, the former colonial power in Mali, also condemned the attack.

"We call for an end to this violence and this intolerance," France said in a statement.

http://edition.cnn.com/2012/06/30/world/africa/mali-shrine-attack/index.html?hpt=hp_t3

Perancis Usir Al Qaeda dari Mali, Afrika

PostPosted: Sat Jan 12, 2013 5:17 pm
by walet

State of emergency declared in Mali


By Pierre Meilhan, Joe Sterling and Karen Smith, CNN
updated 6:40 PM EST, Fri January 11, 2013

Image
Teroris Mali

STORY HIGHLIGHTS
NEW: Mali's defense ministry says government forces have retaken Konna
Mali is facing a "terrorist aggression" in northern Mali, leader says
An al Qaeda wing has taken root in the north
Interim President Traore calls for a "general mobilization" against radical Islamists

(CNN) -- State military forces on Friday retook a key town in northern Mali after intense fighting that included help from French military forces, a defense ministry spokesman said.

"Today, we have recaptured Konna," said the spokesman, Diaran Kone, at a briefing played over state radio.

The Mali city of Konna had been seized by Islamist forces on Thursday as they pushed southward from their strongholds in the desert of northern Mali.

"The fighting lasted for not more than two, maybe three hours; Konna was recaptured with the assistance of French, Nigerian and Senegalese troops this afternoon," said Kone. "All measures were used, including the drones given by France."
Fmr. French FM: Who is leading in Mali?
Rebels take key town in northern Mali
Al Qaeda's new breeding ground: Mali
Mali in spotlight after military coup


Earlier, Nigeria's defense minister had denied to CNN that Nigerian troops were involved in Friday's fighting.

But France confirmed that its armed forces had taken part in the fighting and launched airstrikes in support of the operation.

French President Francois Hollande announced that French ground and air forces were in the country to aid government forces.

"French military forces have brought their support to the Malian forces this afternoon to fight against these terrorist elements," said Hollande, speaking from the Elysee Palace in Paris. "This operation will last as long as it is necessary. I will regularly inform the French people about its course."

Read more: A ticking time bomb: What's behind the instability in Mali?

It was not clear how many French troops were deployed. But French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said the French military has also launched airstrikes.

Mali's interim president, Dioncounda Traore, declared a state of emergency across the country Friday and called for "a general mobilization" to defend against the advance of radical Islamists.

He acknowledged France's military help, including air support.

Hollande said Mali "is facing a terrorist aggression in the north," and added that "the whole world is aware" of the terrorists' "brutality and extremism."

"Today, it is therefore the very existence of this friendly state that is at stake, as is the security of its population and of our own 6,000 citizens living there," he said.

Read more: Troops could be headed to Mali to fight Islamist extremists

France, which has posted troops in many locations in Africa, had said it wouldn't send combat troops to Mali and had pledged to scale back on intervening in local politics and conflicts in Africa. For example, it declined a request to intervene in the Central Africa Republic, where an insurgency flared.

So the Mali operation underlines the seriousness of France's concern over its former colony. French hostages have been taken in neighboring Niger by al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb; Paris is trying to contain any further militant expansion in the heart of Africa.

Read more: International leaders push for military intervention in Mali

Northern Mali has been occupied by radical Islamists, who moved in after fighting broke out in January 2012 between government forces and Tuareg rebels. West African states and international leaders, worried about an al Qaeda foothold, say a rapid military intervention is essential to solving the security crisis in Mali.

Hundreds of thousands of Malians have been uprooted because of proliferation of armed groups, drought and political instability after a coup d'etat in March.

Hollande said the country is consulting with the United Nations and "intervening within the framework of international law." Parliament will be consulted as soon as Monday on the operation, he said.

"The terrorists must know that France will always be there whenever the rights of a country that strives for freedom and democracy are threatened, not just when its core interests are at stake," he said.

Europe, Fabius said, "has made some decisions to train and reshape the Malian army."

"The terrorists' breakthrough must be stopped," he said. "If not, it's the entire Mali that falls into their hands, with a threat to the whole of Africa and Europe."

The U.N. Security Council cited "grave concern over the reported military movements and attacks by terrorist and extremist groups" in northern Mali.

"This serious deterioration of the situation threatens even more the stability and integrity of Mali and constitutes a direct threat to international peace and security," the council said.

Last month, the council authorized a one-year military peacekeeping mission in Mali. The African-led International Support Mission in Mali aims to help rebuild Mali's security and defense forces and to help Malian authorities recover the areas in the north.

Read more: Northern Mali, 'magnet for international jihadis'

A regional group, the Economic Community of West African States, has pledged thousands of troops to the mission, and the Security Council has urged other member states to contribute troops.

The Malian government and rebel groups are expected to meet January 21 for peace talks in Burkina Faso's capital, Ouagadougou.

Mali held its first democratic elections in 1992, after decades of military rule.

It maintained a strong democracy until March, when a group of soldiers toppled the government, saying it had not provided adequate equipment for them to fight ethnic Tuareg rebels roaming the vast desert in the north.

Tuareg rebels, who for decades had staged rebellions seeking independence, took advantage of the power vacuum and seized parts of the north. The rebels had fought alongside Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi and returned to Mali -- with their weapons in tow -- after he was killed in October 2011.

A power struggle then erupted in the north between the Tuaregs and local al Qaeda-linked radicals, who seized control of large parts of the desert north. The international community voiced concerns about al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and its expanding presence in Mali.

The al Qaeda wing is linked to the attack last year in Benghazi, Libya, that killed the U.S. ambassador to Libya and three other Americans, U.S. officials have said.

The militants in the north have applied their strict interpretation of Sharia law by banning music, smoking, drinking and watching sports on television. They also publicly stoned a couple to death in July, reportedly for having an affair.

Public executions, amputations, floggings and other inhumane punishments are becoming common, the United Nations says.

The militants have attacked Timbuktu's historic tombs and shrines, claiming the relics are idolatrous. The picturesque city was once an important destination for Islamic scholars because of its ancient and prominent burial sites, and it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Tuareg rebels retreated from the well-armed militants but have vowed to fight back and establish in the north their own country, which they call Azawad.

CNN's Saskya Vandoorne contributed to this report

http://www.cnn.com/2013/01/11/world/africa/mali-france/index.html?hpt=wo_c2

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Prancis dan Mali Berhasil Menguasai Kota Hombori

PostPosted: Sun Jan 27, 2013 4:58 pm
by walet
Mali crisis: Troops 'take northern town of Hombori'


Image
Tentara Prancis di Mali, Afrika

More French and international troops are due to join the campaign in Mali
Continue reading the main story
Mali: Divided nation
Sahara: Terror threat?
Relief in Diabaly
Can France achieve its goals?
Key players

Malian and French troops have retaken the town of Hombori, officials say, as they continue their campaign to regain control of northern Mali from rebels.

Hombori lies about 160km (100 miles) from the Islamist stronghold of Gao.

Earlier, French warplanes reportedly bombed rebel positions, fuel stores and ammunition dumps near Gao.

But there were also reports that rebels had blown up a bridge linking the east of the country with Niger, from where African troops plan to open a front.

The bridge is situated in the town of Tassiga, which lies on the quickest route from Niger to Gao, and spans a canyon.

However, Ibrahim Ag Idbaltanate, a former deputy in Mali's parliament, said the bridge was not the only way to cross the canyon.
Continue reading the main story
At the scene
Mark Doyle
BBC News, Sevare

We drove through the town of Sevare, a place I'd only seen on maps and which I had described in my reports as "strategically important".

At first, I thought guiltily that I had been exaggerating. Severe looked like any other African town - markets, metalworkers on the roadside, mobile phone shops everywhere.

Then the sound of a military helicopter shattered the normality.

Image
Tentara Patroli

It flew overhead and crossed the road in front of me flying so low it almost skimmed the treetops.
Mopti - 'Venice of Mali' in a war zone

"You can make a detour of three to six miles (5-10km) and find another way to continue on the Niger-Gao road," he said, quoted by AP news agency.

Forces from Niger and Chad had been expected to use the road to join the advance against the rebels.

Several African countries have pledged military aid to help the Malian government win back control of the north.

On Friday the African Union asked the UN Security Council to authorise immediate logistical help to allow the 6,000-strong force to deploy quickly.

It also recommended civilian observers to monitor the human rights situation in the areas which have come back under the control of the Malian government. Human rights groups have accused the Malian army of committing serious abuses.
International build-up

Islamists seized a vast area of northern Mali last year and have imposed strict Sharia, or Islamic law, on its inhabitants. France intervened militarily on 11 January to stop them advancing further south.

The UN refugee agency says more than 7,000 civilians have fled to neighbouring countries since 10 January to escape the fighting.

As fighting continued on Friday, French TV carried grainy images of air strikes which the military said had been carried out near the city of Gao.

Egypt's president has unveiled a proposal for a peaceful resolution to the Mali conflict

Malian and Nigerien security sources also reported the strikes, saying two Islamist bases with fuel stocks and weapon dumps near Gao had been destroyed.

French and Malian troops also staged joint patrols for the first time, in the town of Douentza west of Gao, the AFP news agency said, quoting Malian sources.

The BBC's Mark Doyle in Mali says a big international troop build-up is continuing ahead of a probable French-led air and ground offensive on Gao and other desert cities.

There are currently about 2,000 French troops in Mali.

An armed column of Chadian soldiers is making its way to Mali overland and more than 1,000 Nigerian soldiers are expected there too.

The UK defence ministry said on Friday it was deploying its Sentinel R1 spy plane to support French troops in Mali.

The hi-tech plane - which has radar equipment that can scan thousands of square miles in minutes - flew missions over Libya in 2011 as rebels fought to oust Col Gaddafi.

In Egypt, President Mohammed Morsi unveiled a proposal for a peaceful resolution to the Mali conflict.

The five-point plan includes political negotiations, economic and development initiatives and co-ordinated relief efforts. Mr Morsi has spoken against military intervention in Mali.

Earlier, the US military commander in Africa said the Pentagon had made mistakes when training Malian troops in recent years.

Gen Carter Ham of United States Africa Command (Africom) said its forces had failed to teach "values, ethics and a military ethos".

He was speaking after reports of abuses by Mali government troops taking part in the counter-offensive.

Image
Peta Perang Mali dan Prancis vs Teroris Islam

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Re: Prancis dan Mali Berhasil Menguasai Kota Hombori

PostPosted: Sun Jan 27, 2013 5:12 pm
by 1234567890
mali ... negara islam ... pemberontaknya islam juga

benar benar damei yah ntuh ugame

dan nyang bantuin pemerintah resminya malahan sang kapir bin tapir laknatullah perancis

Re: Prancis dan Mali Berhasil Menguasai Kota Hombori

PostPosted: Mon Jan 28, 2013 3:56 pm
by arsello
itulah islam... Tak mau sekedar 80% tapi dia mau SEMUANYA,,

yg tidak mau?


KILL 'EM ALL!!

Simple tapi SESAT.

Pembakaran Perpustakaan Islam Alexandria Terulang diTimbuktu

PostPosted: Tue Jan 29, 2013 3:00 am
by walet
http://indonesia.faithfreedom.org/wiki/Siapa_yang_Membakar_Perpustakaan_Paling_Termasyur_di_Dunia_di_Alexandria

Perpustakaan dengan Buku sejak Abad 13 Dibakar Muslim!!!!!

Mali crisis: French-led troops 'enter Timbuktu'

French and Malian troops cross the desert to Timbuktu


Continue reading the main story
Mali: Divided nation
'Shadow war' looms
In pictures
Sahara terror
Relief in Diabaly

Image
Harta Karun di Timbuktu

French-led troops in Mali have entered the historic city of Timbuktu encountering little resistance, French and Malian military sources.

But there are reports of thousands of ancient manuscripts being destroyed, with video footage of the library showing charred books and empty boxes.

French President Francois Hollande declared that the joint forces were "winning this battle".

They have been pushing north in their offensive against Islamist rebels.

They seized Gao, north Mali's biggest city, on Saturday.

Islamists seized the north of the country last year, but have been losing ground since French forces launched an operation earlier this month.

Most militants appear to have moved out to desert hideouts, says the BBC's Thomas Fessy in the capital, Bamako.

The advance comes as African Union (AU) leaders are meeting to discuss sending more troops to Mali.
Library 'emptied'

On Monday afternoon, a French military spokesman said troops had moved into Timbuktu after blocking roads surrounding it.

Meanwhile, a Malian army colonel told the AFP news agency: "The Malian army and the French army are in complete control of the city of Timbuktu."

But reports have emerged that militants had destroyed a library of ancient manuscripts, some dating back to the 13th Century. :stun:

Sky News correspondent Alex Crawford, who is with the joint forces, showed some charred documents and piles of empty boxes at the library said to have contained the manuscripts, and said vaults beneath the building had been emptied.

The library, the Ahmed Baba institute, held about 30,000 manuscripts, and includes documents about centuries of life in the city, Mali and neighbouring countries.
'Strategy of evasion'

French army spokesman Col Thierry Burkhard had told the BBC earlier that "substantial airpower" had been used to support about 1,000 French and 200 Malian forces in their offensive against militants in Timbuktu.

He said French forces had taken access points to the city during the night.

Once Timbuktu is secured, the French-led troops are expected to focus on the last rebel stronghold, Kidal, near the border with Algeria.

Kidal - home of the head of Ansar Dine, the main militant group in northern Mali - was bombed on Sunday by French forces, Malian officials say.

Once Kidal is taken, the first phase of the French operation will be over, our correspondent says.

The second phase will be to track down the militants to their desert hideouts, which could prove a much more difficult task, he adds.

Mr Fabius warned that the militants had adopted a "strategy of evasion and some of them could return in the north".

President Hollande later outlined plans for the operation, saying African troops would take over once French forces had retaken key towns.

The French would then return to their bases, and from then on their sole task would be to support and train Malian forces, he added.

Col Burkhard said a contingent of African troops was expected to make their way soon to Mali from Niger's capital, Niamey.

Some troops from Chad have already entered Gao, where thousands of people went onto the streets to celebrate the ousting of the Islamist forces.

French officials said they now had 2,900 troops in Mali, backed by 2,700 African forces in Mali and neighbouring Chad.

The African contingent is expected to be bolstered to 7,900, including 2,200 troops promised by Chad, AP news agency quotes a Nigerian military official, Col Shehu Usman Abdulkadir, as saying.

At an AU meeting in Ethiopia on Sunday, which is continuing on Monday, outgoing AU chairman and Benin's President Thomas Boni Yayi criticised the slow response of African states to the Malian conflict.

France's intervention was something "we should have done a long time ago to defend a member country", he said.

==================

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Perpustakaan Terbesar Didunia Alexandria Dibakar Muslim

PostPosted: Tue Jan 29, 2013 3:02 am
by walet
http://indonesia.faithfreedom.org/wiki/Siapa_yang_Membakar_Perpustakaan_Paling_Termasyur_di_Dunia_di_Alexandria

Siapa yang Membakar Perpustakaan Paling Termasyur di Dunia di Alexandria

Sumber:
Faithfreedom Indonesia
Diterjemahkan dari: www.freecopt.net
Written by Fanous, The Free Copts
Thursday, 05 October 2006
Volume 1 Issue 4 October 2006

ENAM bulan dan 1000 kolam renang diperlukan untuk membakar koleksi buku perpustakaan Alexandria! Daftar isi [sembunyikan]
1 Pendahuluan
2 Yang setuju bahwa Julius Caesar membakar sang Bibliotheca bisa dilihat dari
3 Invasi Arab ke Alexandria
4 Penghancuran Buku-Buku Perpustakaan Alexandria Oleh Muslim

Pendahuluan

Perpustakaan Alexandria.

Ada yg mengatakan bahwa Bibliotheca Alexandrina atau the Royal Library bersejarah itu diluluh-lantahkan Kaisar Romawi Julius Caesar (100-44 SM). Salah satu dasar tuduhan ini adalah bahwa Caesar sendiri menulis dlm bukunya 'Alexandrian Wars' (Perang2 Alexandria) bahwa api yg dibakar pasukannya utk membakar angkatan laut Mesir di pelabuhan Alexandria juga melahap sebuah 'gudang/tempat penyimpanan penuh dgn papirus dan berlokasi didekat pelabuhan.' TETAPI, lokasi Bibliotheca Alexandrina ini berada di Bruchion, bukan di pelabuhan. Jadi, 'gudang/tempat penyimpanan' itu bukan perpustakaan yg dimaksud.

Tuduhan ini juga dibantah dlm buku Geography yg ditulis oleh Strabo. Ia mengunjungi Alexandria th 25 SM dan bukunya menggunakan referensi yg berada dlm Perpustakaan Alexandria, yg berarti bahwa Bibliotheca itu masih EKSIS pada saat itu. Belum lagi, Cicero, sejarawan Romawi yg paling terkenal di jamannya, dan sangat membenci Julius Caesar, bahkan sama sekali tidak menyebut peristiwa pembakaran itu dlm bukunya Philippics. Ini saja membuktukan bahwa Caesar bebas dari tuduhan ini.
Yang setuju bahwa Julius Caesar membakar sang Bibliotheca bisa dilihat dari

Inscription tentang Tiberius Claudius Balbilus dari Romawi (d. c. 79 CE) yang memastikan bahwa perpustakaan Alexandria pasti sudah ada disekitar abad pertama.
sejarawan Plutarch, yg menyebutnya dlm bukunya Life of Caesar, yg ditulis pada akhir abad 1M, bahwa Caesar membakar perpustakaan Alexandria saat ia membakar angkatan laut Mesir.
di abad 2M, sejarawan Aulus Gellius menulis dlm Attic Nights bahwa perpustakaan itu dibakar secara tidak sengaja oleh tentara Romawi Caesar.
di abad 4M, sejarawan pagan, Ammianus Marcellinus dan Orosius (Kristen) setuju bahwa perpustakaan itu dibakar secara tidak sengaja, menyusul api yg dimulai Caesar. Namun kemungkinan besar sejarawan2 ini mencampur-adukkan dua kata Yunani ini : bibliothekas, yg berarti “kumpulan buku2” dgn bibliotheka, yg berarti Perpustakaan.

Akibatnya, mereka menyangka bahwa 'pembakaran buku2 yg disimpan didekat pelabuhan' adalah pembakaran Perpustakaan termasyur Alexandria.

Mencari jalan tengah dari kesimpulan-kesimpulan diatas, kemungkinan besar the Royal Alexandrian Library itu dibakar setelah kunjungan Strabo ke kota itu (25SM) tapi sebelum permulaan abad 2M. Kemungkinan juga bahwa perpustakaan itu dibakar oleh pihak selain Caesar.

Yang jelas adalah bahwa the Royal Alexandrian Library, atau yg juga dijuluki sang Museum, yg mencakup versi2 orisinal buku2 yg paling penting didunia, BUKAN satu2nya perpustakaan dlm kota itu. Paling tidak ada DUA perpustakaan lain di kota itu : perpustakaan milik Kuil Serapeum dan perpustakaan Kuil Cesarion. Kontinuitas kehidupan sastra dan saintifik di Alexandria setelah penghancuran the Royal Library itu, dan berkembangnya kota itu sbg pusat dunia bagi sains dan sastra antara abad 1 dan 6M, sebagian besar juga tergantung pada kehadiran kedua perpustakaan lain itu.

The Royal Library merupakan sebuah perpustakaan privat keluarga kerajaan Mesir, para saintis dan periset, sementara perpustakaan2 kuil2 Serapeum & Cesarion adalah perpustakaan2 yg terbuka bagi rakyat umum. Perpustakaan megah itu didirikan oleh Kaisar Ptolemy II Philadelphus di kompleks kerajaan Bruchion didekat istana2 dan taman2 kerajaan, sementara puteranya, Ptolemy III, mendirikan perpustakaan Serapeum dikawasan populer, Rhakotis. Kemudian, Serapeum dikenal sbg Perpustakaan Cabang Puteri (the Daughter Library), karena mengandung versi2 orisinal buku2 dlm perpustakaan induk, the Royal Library.

Setelah pembakaran the Royal Library, Serapeum, yg lebih besar dari Cesarion, menjadi perpustakaan utama kota itu. Rujukan sejarah pertama ttg perpustakaan ini ditemukan dlm buku The Apology oleh penulis Kristen, Tertullian (155-230M). Dlm bukunya, Tertullian menyebut bahwa perpustakaan raja2 Ptolemi itu disimpan dlm perpustakaan Serapeum, dan diantaranya termasuk copy Perjanjian Lama yg dikunjungi Yahudi2 Alexandria yg ingin mendengarkan pembacaannya. Jadi, kalau kita mengasumsi bahwa 'perpustakaan raja2 Ptolemi' ini sbg the Royal Library, kita bisa simpulkan bahwa versi2 orisinal dari the Royal Library telah dipindahkan ke perpustakaan Serapeum.

Analisa ini didukung oleh Surat2 Aristeas (penulis Yahudi Alexandria) pada akhir abad 1M dan menyatakan bahwa manuskrip2 the Royal Library dipindahkan dari perpustakaan induk ke Serapeum. Akhirnya, thn 379M, Santo Yohanes Chrysostom merujuk pada perpustakaan Serapeum dlm pidatonya kpd rakyat Antiochian, bahwa perpustakaan itu mengandung versi orisinal Perjanjian Lama (Septuagint) shg Ptolemy II Philadelphus memerintahkannya agar diterjemahkan dari bhs Yahudi ke ke bhs Yunani.

Th 391M, Paus Theophilus dari Alexandria memerintahkan bagi dihancurkannya kuil pagan Serapeum dan mendirikan gereja diatas puing2nya. Tapi penghancuran kuil itu TIDAK mempengaruhi perpustakaan disebelahnya, kemungkinan besar karena mengandung buku2 Yahudi dan Kristen, selain buku2 sains yg penting bagi ilmuwan2 pagan maupun Kristen. Jadi, sampai akhir abad 6M, kita masih bisa menemukan referensi sejarah ttg eksistensi perpustakaan Serapeum di Alexandria. Salah satu referensi itu adalah deskripsi filsuf Alexandria, Ammonius, ttg perpustakaan itu dan buku2 yg dikandungnya, termasuk dua copy dari the Categories'nya Aristotel.
Invasi Arab ke Alexandria

NAH, ketika pasukan2 ARAB menginvasi Alexandria dibawah komando Amr Ibn Al Aas bln Desember 22, 640M, mereka menghancurkan tembok2 Alexandria dan menjarah kota itu. Lalu Ibn Al Aas berkenalan dgn seorang teolog Kristen tua atas nama John Philoponus (atau John Grammaticus). Philoponus, pengikut Ammonius, dikenal Arab sbg Yehia Al Nahawi. Tulisan2nya sangat penting bagi transfer budaya Yunani kpd kaum Arab.

Setelah berbagai diskusi religous antara Philoponus dan Ibn Al Aas ttg sifat ilahi Kristus dan Trinitas, Philoponus meminta Ibn Al Aas utk menjamin keselamatan buku-buku dlm Perpustakaan Alexandria, karena “lain dari toko-toko, istana dan taman2 kota itu, buku2 itu tidak ada gunanya bagi Amr dan gerombolannya.” Tapi kemudian, Ibn Al Aas bertanya ttg asal usul buku-buku itu dan apa guna mereka. Philoponus mulai meriwayahkan cerita the Bibliotheca Alexandrina sejak pendiriannya oleh Ptolemy II Philadelphus.

Tapi jawaban Amr Ibn Al Aas adalah, keputusan ada ditangan kalifnya, Umar Ibn Al Khattab. Ibn Al Aas lalu menulis kpd Umar dan meminta nasehatnya ttg apa yg harus dilakukan terhdp perpustakaan dan buku2nya. sambil menunggu jawabannya, Ibn Al Aas memberi ijin kpd Philoponus utk mengunjungi perpustakaan itu, ditemani pengikut Yahudi Philoponus, Philaretes si ahli fisikia (Philaretes adalah penulis buku medis tentang detak jantung).
Penghancuran Buku-Buku Perpustakaan Alexandria Oleh Muslim

Image
Ilustrasi pembakaran buku-buku perpustakaan Alexandria.

Beberapa hari kemudian jawaban Umar datang. Isinya : “... sehubungan dgn buku2 yg anda sebut, jika mereka mengandung hal2 yg sesuai dgn buku Allah (Quran), maka buku Allah sudah cukup (tidak diperlukan buku2 lain). Dan jika mereka mengandung buku2 yg mengkontradiksi buku Allah, maka kita tidak memerlukannya.”

Ibn Al Aas serta merta memerintahkan buku-buku itu dilemparkan ke ribuan sumur-sumur tempat pemandian di Alexandria dan dibakar. Apinya masih berguna utk keperluan menghangatkan tentara-tentara Muslim.

Dalam bukunya, History of the Wise Men, sejarawan Muslim, Al Qifti, menyebut tentang pembakaran buku-buku ini yg berlangsung sampai ENAM BULAN, dan buku-buku yg diselamatkan hanya buku-buku Aristotel, Euclid -sang pakar matematika dan Ptolemy-sang geografer.

Cerita pembakaran perpustakaan Serapeum di tangan Muslim juga didukung oleh kesaksian sejarawan Muslim dan Arab seperti bapak sejarawan Mesir, Al Makrizi, dalam Sermons and Lessons in the Mention of Plans and Monuments, The Index-nya Ibn Al Nadim, dan buku Georgy Zeidan, History of Islamic Urbanization.

Dalam bukunya, Prolegomena, sejarawan Muslim Ibn Khaldun mendukung cerita pembakaran Bibliotheca Alexandrina oleh Muslim mengingat sikap Arab jaman itu terhadap buku-buku pada umumnya, seperti membuang buku-buku Persia dalam air dan api oleh pemimpin Arab, Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas, lagi-lagi menyusul perintah Kalif Umar yg mengatakan kpd Ibn Abi Waqqas dlm sebuah surat : “Jika (buku-buku ini) mencakup pengarahan, (ketahuilah bahwa) Allah memberikan kami pengarahan yang lebih baik. Dan kalau mereka mengandung pembelokan, maka semoga Allah melindungi kami.”

ENAM bulan dan 1000 kolam renang diperlukan untuk membakar koleksi buku perpustakaan Alexandria!

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Prancis Menguasai Timbuktu, Tinggal Kota Kidal Belum Diserbu

PostPosted: Sat Feb 02, 2013 3:34 am
by walet

French-led troops secure hold on Timbuktu



The BBC's Thomas Fessy: "French troops are making sure no militants are hiding in the population"
Continue reading the main story
Mali: Divided nation
Timbuktu celebrates
'Shadow war' looms
Vandals in Timbuktu
In pictures


Image
Bekas Tanda Pelaksanaan Hukum Syariah Saat Teroris Islam Masih Berkuasa

French-led troops are consolidating their position in the historic Malian city of Timbuktu after seizing it from Islamist extremists.

French military commanders say soldiers are patrolling the streets looking to flush out any remaining militants.

The troops are then expected to focus on the last rebel stronghold, Kidal.

An international donors' conference has opened in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, hoping to fund a budget for the campaign set at $950m (£605m).

Also on Tuesday, a conference in Brussels is due to decide on troops for an EU military training mission for Mali. The UK has already said it will contribute to the mission.
'No shots fired'

Life appeared to be returning closer to normal in Timbuktu on Tuesday, with French and Malian troops in control of the streets, although electricity and phone lines were still cut.

On Monday, about 1,000 French soldiers - including paratroopers - and 200 Malian troops had seized Timbuktu airport and entered the city.

Col Frederic Gout, head of French helicopter operations at Timbuktu, told Agence France-Presse: "There were no shots fired, no blood spilt. Not even passive resistance with traps."

Welcoming the French and Malian force, residents said that the Islamists had left several days earlier, following French air strikes on their bases.

As they withdrew into the desert, the Islamist fighters set fire to several buildings including a library containing priceless manuscripts, some dating back to the 13th Century.

The Ahmed Baba institute held about 30,000 manuscripts and includes documents about centuries of life in the city, Mali and neighbouring countries.

Ali Baba, a worker at the institute, told Sky News that more than 3,000 manuscripts had been destroyed.

The recovery of Timbuktu followed the swift capture by French and Malian forces of Gao on Saturday, another major northern population centre occupied by militant groups.

Islamists took advantage of a coup last year to seize the vast north of Mali and impose strict Sharia law on its inhabitants.

France - the former colonial power in Mali - launched a military operation this month after militants looked to be threatening the south.

Meanwhile, reports from Kidal - home of the head of Ansar Dine, the main militant group in northern Mali - suggest that the group may have already lost control there.

The secular Tuareg rebel group MNLA said it had taken charge.

On Tuesday, the MNLA said on its website that it had taken control of six other towns, including Lere.

It said it was prepared to work with the French "to eradicate terrorist groups" in the north but that it would not allow the return of the Malian army, which it accused of "crimes against the civilian population".

Signs proclaiming Sharia law are a testament to the militants' period of control

In Paris, French President Francois Hollande said that African forces would now be in the forefront of securing the north.

"We know that this is the most difficult part because the terrorists are hidden there and can still carry out extremely dangerous operations, for neighbouring countries and Mali," he said.

France has 2,900 soldiers in Mali, with almost 8,000 African troops expected to take over, although the deployment has been slow.

The BBC's Mark Doyle, in Bandiagara, some 320km (200 miles) south of Timbuktu, says there is still great fear among the people outside of the main population centres.

No-one is sure where the Islamists have gone, he says, and there are concerns that another phase of the war could now begin - one of hit-and-run attacks or suicide bombings.
'Solidarity'

At the opening of the donor conference in Addis Ababa, Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara said the budget for the multinational force's operation would be $950m - more than double the African Union's initial estimate.

The AU pledged $50m at its summit at the same venue on Monday, and it was hoped the UN and some of the 60 to 70 donors invited to the conference would increase the funding.

In a list of donations carried on the AU's Twitter account on Tuesday, Japan had pledged $120m, the US $96m and Germany $20m.

India and China pledged $1m each, the AU said.

AU Commission chief Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma told delegates that they had gathered "to express solidarity with the Republic of Mali and its people".

She said: "We all know the gravity of the crisis. It is a situation that requires a swift and effective international response, for it threatens Mali, the region, the continent and even beyond."

Ethiopian PM Hailemariam Desalegn said money would also be needed to fund post-conflict projects.

The BBC's James Copnall, in the Ethiopian capital, says there is a general recognition that Mali will not become peaceful again without a democratic transformation, but that for the moment the focus is firmly on finding the money needed by the military force.

On Monday, the International Monetary Fund agreed an $18.4m emergency loan to Mali.

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Prancis Bunuh Ratusan Teroris Islam di Mali

PostPosted: Thu Feb 07, 2013 5:02 am
by walet
Rabu, 06 Februari 2013 | 17:05 WIB
Prancis Bunuh Ratusan Pejuang di Mali
Besar Kecil Normal

Image
Seorang tentara Mali berjaga di jalan antara Konna dan Sevare, Minggu (27/1). REUTERS/Eric Gaillard

TEMPO.CO, Bamako - Prancis mengaku pasukannya berhasil membunuh ratusan pejuang di Mali dalam sebuah operasi pembebasan wilayah utara negara itu selama tiga pekan, sejak Jumat, 11 Januari 2013.

Pengakuan tersebut disampaikan Menteri Pertahanan Pancis, Jean-Yves Le Drian, Rabu, 6 Januari 2013. Menurutnya, intervensi militer hari ke-26 Prancis ke Mali telah menewaskan "ratusan pemberontak", baik melalui gempuran udara maupun serangan darat, di kawasan pegunungan terpencil dekat perbatasan Aljazair.

Menteri Pertahanan mengatakan, para pejuang tewas akibat serangan jet tempur Prancis terhadap kendaran transportasi pejuang serta dalam pertempuran langsung di Konna dan Gao.

Satunya-satunya korban tewas dari pihak Prancis adalah seorang pilot helikopter saat dimulainya operasi serangan militer. Mali mengatakan, mereka kehilangan 11 serdadu dan 60 lainnya cedera setelah terjadi pertempuran di Konna bulan lalu. Tetapi belum ada informasi terbaru mengenai jumlah korban susulan.

Menteri Luar Negeri Prancis, Laurent Fabius, mengatakan kepada koran Metro dalam sebuah wawancara, Prancis sepertinya akan menarik seluruh pasukannya pada Maret 2013.

"Saya pikir (penarikan) mulai pada Maret 2013, jika semuanya berjalan sesuai rencana. Jumlah pasukan kami harus dikurangi," katanya.

Prancis mengerahkan sekitar 4.000 pasukan ke Mali, negeri bekas jajahannya, untuk mengusir para pemberontak dari kawasan Utara yang mereka kuasai. Selanjutnya keamanan wilayah itu diserahkan kepada aliansi pasukan Afrika.

AL JAZEERA | CHOIRUL

http://www.tempo.co/read/news/2013/02/06/119459537/Prancis-Bunuh-Ratusan-Pejuang-di-Mali

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Re: Prancis Bunuh Ratusan Teroris Islam di Mali

PostPosted: Thu Feb 07, 2013 11:40 am
by keeamad
Harusnya seperti sejarah amerika melawan teroris muslim di filipina,
tunjukkan para mujahid yang tewas itu dikuburkan bersama b4n9k41 4n71n6 atau 8481 .....
Niscaya mereka2x yg cuma ikut2x-an jadi teroris, pasti pd ketakutan setengah mati ....

Re: Prancis Bunuh Ratusan Teroris Islam di Mali

PostPosted: Thu Feb 07, 2013 1:26 pm
by nissin
@atas
itu melanggar HAM(Hak Azasi Mayit), kalo gak diterima olloh bisa gentayangan tuh muslim.

Bom Bunuh Diri Syariah Islam Pertama Terjadi Di Gao, Mali

PostPosted: Sat Feb 09, 2013 1:43 am
by walet
8 February 2013 Last updated at 16:45 GMT

Mali conflict: 'First suicide bombing' in Gao



Smoke could be seen rising from the paratroopers' base following fighting with regular soldiers in Bamako
Continue reading the main story
Mali: Divided nation
Guerrilla mountains
Not 'new Afghanistan'
Timbuktu celebrates
Key players

Image
Smoke could be seen rising from the paratroopers' base following fighting with regular soldiers in Bamako

A suicide bomber has blown himself up in the northern Mali town of Gao - the first since French-led troops began their assault on Islamist militants.

The attacker approached a group of soldiers on a motorbike before detonating an explosive belt, injuring one of them, witnesses said.

An al-Qaeda offshoot has claimed responsibility for the attack in the north's most populous city.

Meanwhile, army infighting in the capital has left one person dead.

At least five people were injured when heavily-armed regular soldiers clashed with elite "Red Beret" paratroopers at their base in Bamako.
Continue reading the main story

Start Quote

I don't understand how at a moment when French and African forces are here to fight our war in our place... Malian soldiers... are fighting over a stupid quarrel”
Assa, Bamako resident

The violence broke out on the day the first group of European Union military instructors arrived in Bamako to train up Mali's deeply-divided army.

In Paris, the UN's cultural agency Unesco said it planned to help rebuild 11 mausoleums and tombs that were destroyed by the militants when they fled the historic city of Timbuktu.

An initial cost of the damage to the city's rich cultural heritage has been put at $4-5m but Unesco warns that the figure could rise once its experts begin to assess the damage.
Mines check

The suicide bomber detonated his explosives after approaching a checkpoint on the outskirts of Gao at about 06:30 GMT, witnesses said.

It is the first known suicide attack in Mali since France sent some 4,000 troops into the north on 11 January to help the Malian army oust the militants.
Continue reading the main story
Treasures of Timbuktu
Timbuktu was a centre of Islamic learning from the 13th to the 17th centuries
700,000 manuscripts had survived in public libraries and private collections
Books on religion, law, literature and science
Added to Unesco world heritage list in 1988 for its three mosques and 16 cemeteries and mausoleums
They played a major role in spreading Islam in West Africa; the oldest dates from 1329
Islamists destroyed mausoleums after seizing the city
Why do we know Timbuktu?
In pictures: Timbuktu manuscripts

The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (Mujao), an offshoot of al-Qaeda, claimed responsibility for the attack "against the Malian soldiers who chose the side of the miscreants, the enemies of Islam", and vowed to carry out further attacks.

The BBC's Mamadou Moussa Ba in Gao says there is an increased military presence in the city, with patrols and checkpoints run by troops from France, Mali and neighbouring Niger.

He says there are fears that mines could have been left in the town, with schools and the town hall in particular being checked carefully.

On Thursday, there were unconfirmed reports that four Malian soldiers had been killed by a landmine on a road near Gao, with one of the militant groups saying it had carried out the attack.
'Strategic town'

Witnesses said the Bamako base of the "Red Beret" paratroopers was stormed by soldiers allied to the leadership of the coup.

Nearby residents fled in panic as sounds of heavy gunfire and smoke emanated from the barracks on the Niger river.

At least one person died and five were wounded in the fighting, according to sources.

The Red Beret paratroopers protected President Amadou Toumani Toure before he was ousted in a military coup in March 2012, and have been largely sidelined since then.

They had reportedly mutinied over attempts to disperse them as a force before sending them to join the fight against the Islamists.

One local resident said the incident had made her ashamed to be Malian.

"I don't understand how at a moment when French and African forces are here to fight our war in our place... Malian soldiers, instead of going to fight at the front, are fighting over a stupid quarrel," Assa told Reuters.

The fighting has coincided with the arrival of 70 EU trainers, who are the first of an eventual 500 military instructors deployed to build up the Malian army.

Colonel Bruno Heluin, commander of the group, said the aim was to "enable the Malian army to hold all the nation's territory, and so that Mali can have a good army at its disposal, prepared to engage".

French troops have retaken control of the north's main towns, and are now, along with some 1,000 Chadian troops led by the president's son, moving into the mountains near the Algerian border where the militants are reported to have fled.

They said on Friday they had taken Tessalit, a strategic town in the mountains with its own airport.

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Prancis Menguasai Tessalit, Utara Mali, Afrika

PostPosted: Sat Feb 09, 2013 10:22 pm
by walet
Image
Lusinan Teroris Islam Tertangkap

Bamako, Mali (CNN) -- French-led forces battling Islamist rebels seized the town of Tessalit in northern Mali on Friday, France's defense ministry said.

Following air strikes, special forces parachuted in to secure the airport, while an armored infantry regiment moved in on the ground, the ministry said. Chadian forces participated in the operation, which came the same day that a suicide bomber blew himself up at a checkpoint, the first known attack of its kind since the launch of the French-led offensive.

The attack by a teenager occurred in the city of Gao, authorities said. One Malian soldier was killed.

Image
Sepeda Motor Bekas Bom Bunuh Diri Syariah

"The man approached the soldiers at the checkpoint on a motorbike. As soon as he got close, he set off the bomb," said Capt. Oumar Maiga, a spokesman for the Mali army.

French-led troops launched the effort to flush out militants in the north last month. They now control Timbuktu and Gao, along with a swath in between the two that was an Islamist stronghold for almost a year.

The ground and air campaign has sent Islamist fighters who had seized the northern region fleeing into the desert and rugged terrain nearby.

What's behind the instability in Mali?
France reports success in Mali fight
Somalia's president on 'arc of terror'
A road to recovery in Mali?

Image
Konvoi Tentara Prancis Menuju Gao

However, some militants lingered, hiding among residents in the villages.

"Unfortunately, we expected the Islamists to return to these type of attacks as they were driven out of the city," said Lt. Col. Philippe at the French army base in Gao.

The attack is the latest setback for Malian forces. Three weeks ago, three soldiers were killed when they hit a mine near Douentza in the central region.

The monthlong French offensive has killed "hundreds" of Islamist fighters in Mali, the French defense minister said this week, as his troops prepared to start withdrawing.

France, Mali's former colonizer, has said it expects to begin pulling out its troops in March and leave African forces in control.

Mali: The long, troubled desert road ahead

Image
Foto Presiden Hollande Prancis di Mali

Despite the withdrawal, troops will continue operations to flush out militants in "some terrorist havens" in northern Mali, French officials said.

Islamic extremists carved out a large portion of the north last year after a chaotic military coup.

Image
Warga Bermain Bola yang Dilarang Teroris Islam

They banned music, smoking, drinking and watching sports on television, and they destroyed historic tombs and shrines in the region. World leaders feared that the al Qaeda-linked militants would turn the area into a terrorist haven.

http://edition.cnn.com/2013/02/08/world/africa/mali-conflict/index.html?hpt=hp_t3

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Re: Prancis Menguasai Tessalit, Utara Mali, Afrika

PostPosted: Sun Feb 10, 2013 7:34 pm
by 1234567890
http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/wo ... 6574753000

seudah para muslim itu ditendang, langsung keluar jurus andalan muslim

mbeledugh

NORTHERN Mali's largest city was rocked by its second suicide bombing in two days, a soldier said on Sunday, as Islamist rebels continued defying a security lock-down on territory reclaimed by French-led forces.
The twin suicide blasts, the first such attacks in Mali, underlined the threat of a drawn-out insurgency as France, whose warplanes were still bombing northern territory Sunday morning, tries to map an exit strategy nearly one month into its intervention in its former colony.
The bomber blew himself up late Saturday at the same army checkpoint in Gao where the first such attack occurred the day before.


Read more: http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/wo ... z2KV0FihkZ

memang ajaran ugame damei itu harus mbeledugh dengan damei

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