Date: Thu, 25 Nov 2004 17:49:30 EST
Subject: [outofislam] THE PSALMS: A MAJOR SOURCE OF PLAGIARISM FOR COMPOSING THE QURAN!
THE PSALMS: A MAJOR SOURCE OF PLAGIARISM FOR COMPOSING THE QURAN!
Indeed, the plagiarism was SO RAMPANT that Rabbi Katsch commented:
“Our present study shows A LARGE NUMBER OF REFERENCES IN THE QURAN TO PIRKE ABOTH AND TO THE PSALMS, WHICH WOULD LEAD US TO THE CONCLUSION THAT MUHAMMAD WAS AWARE OF THESE BOOKS since they were used reverently by the Jews in Arabia.”
Abraham I. Katsh, “Judaism and The Koran” (A. S. Barnes & Co., NY: 1962), p. 51.
“Many of the sayings and ideas in Suras two and three appear to be A REPLICA OF PSALMS 104-108.” Ibid., fn. 10.
The Quran itself ACKNOWLEDGES Muhammad’s familiarity with the Psalms: Quran 21.105 (Yusuf Ali translation):
“Before this WE WROTE IN THE PSALMS, after the Message (given to Moses): 'MY SERVANTS THE RIGHTEOUS, SHALL INHERIT THE EARTH.’”
The latter phrase repeats Psalms 37:29 (King James Version):
“The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever.”
Here is a non-exhaustive compilation of material Muhammad cribbed from Psalms . . . and then tried to “pass off” as “original” revelations from Gabriel.
All references are from the Pickthal Translation of the Quran and the King James Bible.
1. “Better than a thousand”
Quran 97:3: The Night of Power is BETTER THAN A THOUSAND
Psalms 84:10: For a day in thy courts [is] BETTER THAN A
2. “The straight path”
Quran 1.006: Show us THE STRAIGHT PATH,
Psalms 27:11 Teach me thy way, O LORD, and lead me in a PLAIN PATH . . .
3. “The righteous shall inherit the earth”
Quran 21.105: . . . My RIGHTEOUS SLAVES WILL INHERIT THE EARTH:
Psalms 37:29: THE RIGHTEOUS SHALL INHERIT THE LAND . . .
4. “God as provider of water, grapes and olives, and creator of
sun, moon and hills”
16.10 HE IT IS WHO SENDETH DOWN WATER FROM THE SKY, WHENCE YE HAVE DRINK, AND WHENCE ARE TREES ON WHICH YE SEND YOUR BEASTS TO PASTURE.
16.11 THEREWITH HE CAUSETH CROPS TO GROW FOR YOU, AND THE OLIVE AND THE DATE-PALM AND GRAPES AND ALL KINDS OF FRUIT. Lo! herein is indeed a portent for people who reflect.
16.12: And HE HATH CONSTRAINED THE NIGHT AND THE DAY AND THE SUN AND THE MOON TO BE OF SERVICE UNTO YOU, and the stars are made subservient by His command. Lo! herein indeed are portents for people who have sense.
16.13: And whatsoever He hath created for you in
the earth of divers hues, lo! therein is indeed a portent for people who take heed.
16.14: And He it is Who hath constrained the sea to
be of service that ye eat fresh meat from thence, and bring forth from thence ornaments which ye wear. And thou seest the ships ploughing it that ye (mankind) may seek of His bounty and that haply ye may give thanks.
16.15: And HE HATH CAST INTO THE EARTH FIRM HILLS that it quake not with you, and streams and roads that ye may find a way.
16.16: And landmarks (too), and by the star they
find a way.
Psalms 104:10 HE SENDETH THE SPRINGS INTO THE VALLEYS, [which] run among the hills.
Psalms 104:11 THEY GIVE DRINK TO EVERY BEAST OF THE FIELD: the wild asses quench their thirst.
Psalms 104:12 By them shall the fowls of the heaven have their
habitation, [which] sing among the branches.
Psalms 104:13 HE WATERETH THE HILLS FROM HIS CHAMBERS: THE EARTH IS SATISFIED WITH THE FRUIT OF THY WORKS.
Psalms 104:14 HE CAUSETH THE GRASS TO GROW FOR THE CATTLE, AND HERB FOR THE SERVICE OF MAN: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;
Psalms 104:15 AND WINE [THAT] MAKETH GLAD THE HEART OF MAN, [AND] OIL TO MAKE [HIS] FACE TO SHINE, and bread [which] strengtheneth man's heart.
Psalms 104:16 THE TREES OF THE LORD ARE FULL [OF SAP]; THE CEDARS OF LEBANON, WHICH HE HATH PLANTED;
Psalms 104:17 Where the birds make their nests: [as for] the
stork, the fir trees [are] her house.
Psalms 104:18 THE HIGH HILLS [ARE] A REFUGE FOR THE WILD GOATS; [AND] THE ROCKS FOR THE CONIES.
Psalms 104:19 HE APPOINTED THE MOON FOR SEASONS: THE SUN KNOWETH HIS GOING DOWN.
Psalms 104:20 THOU MAKEST DARKNESS, AND IT IS NIGHT: wherein all the beasts of the forest do creep [forth].
4. “God is in every place”
2:115: UNTO ALLAH BELONG THE EAST AND THE WEST, AND WHITHERSOEVER YE TURN, THERE IS ALLAH'S COUNTENANCE. Lo! Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
2:142: . . . Say: UNTO ALLAH BELONG THE EAST AND
THE WEST. He guideth whom He will unto a straight path.
73:9: LORD OF THE EAST AND THE WEST; THERE IS NO ALLAH SAVE HIM; so choose thou Him alone for thy defender -
Psalms 139:7: WHITHER SHALL I GO FROM THY SPIRIT? OR WHITHER
SHALL I FLEE FROM THY PRESENCE?
Psalms 139:8: If I ascend up into heaven, thou [art] there: if
I make my bed in hell, behold, thou [art there].
Psalms 139:9: [If] I take the wings of the morning, [and] dwell
in the uttermost parts of the sea;
Psalms 139:10 EVEN THERE SHALL THY HAND LEAD ME, AND THY RIGHT HAND SHALL HOLD ME.
5. “Remember God and God will remember you”
Quran: 2:152: THEREFORE REMEMBER ME, I WILL REMEMBER YOU. Give thanks to Me, and reject not Me.
14:7: And when YOUR LORD PROCLAIMED: IF YE GIVE THANKS, I WILL GIVE YOU MORE; but if ye are thankless, lo! My punishment is dire.
Psalms 105:4 Seek the LORD, and his strength: seek his face
Psalms 105:5 REMEMBER HIS MARVELLOUS WORKS THAT HE HATH DONE; HIS WONDERS, AND THE JUDGMENTS OF HIS OUTH;
6. “God as creator of wind and rain, and one who permits ships to
Quran 2:164: Lo! IN THE CREATION OF THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH, AND THE DIFFERENCE OF NIGHT AND DAY, and THE SHIPS WHICH RUN UPON THE SEA WITH THAT WHICH IS OF USE TO MEN, AND THE WATER WHICH ALLAH SENDETH DOWN FROM THE SKY, thereby reviving the earth after its death, and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and (IN) THE ORDINANCE OF THE WINDS, AND THE CLOUDS OBEDIENT BETWEEN HEAVEN AND EARTH: ARE SIGNS (OF ALLAH'S SOVEREIGNTY) for people who have sense.
Psalms 107:23: THEY THAT GO DOWN TO THE SEA IN SHIPS, that do business in great waters; Psalms 107:24: These see the works of the LORD, and
his wonders in the deep.
Psalms 107:25: FOR HE COMMANDETH, AND RAISETH THE STORMY WIND, which lifteth up the waves thereof.
Psalms 107:26: They mount up to the heaven, they go
down again to the depths: their soul is melted because of trouble.
Psalms 107:27: They reel to and fro, and stagger like
a drunken man, and are at their wits' end.
Psalms 107:28: Then they cry unto the LORD in their
trouble, and he bringeth them out of their distresses.
Psalms 107:29: HE MAKETH THE STORM A CALM, so that
the waves thereof are still.
Psalms 107:30: Then are they glad because they be
quiet; so he bringeth them unto their desired haven.
Proverbs 30:19: . . . THE WAY OF A SHIP IN THE MIDST
OF THE SEA . . .
7. “Fool hate true knowledge”
2:13: And WHEN IT IS SAID UNTO THEM:
BELIEVE AS THE PEOPLE BELIEVE, THEY SAY: SHALL WE BELIEVE AS THE FOOLISH BELIEVE? ARE NOT THEY INDEED THE FOOLISH? But they know not.
39:64: Say (O Muhammad, to the
disbelievers): DO YE BID ME SERVE OTHER THAN ALLAH? O YE FOOLS!
Psalms 107:17: FOOLS BECAUSE OF THEIR TRANSGRESSION, and because of their iniquities, ARE AFFLICTED.