URUTAN PERISTIWA Jihad di POSO:
Attachment 1 – Incidents in Poso May 2001 – December 2002
May 2001 (11 incidents)
1. May 8 – 9. Male village (Christian village). Houses were burned.
2. May 11. Male village. Employees of PT Tritunggal were intimidated by two Laskar Jihad (LJ). Military arrested the two and released them when a mob of 200 appeared at the military post.
3. May 12. Poso. Immanuel Kayamanya Church was bombed and then burned to the ground.
4. May 13. Poso Pesisir. A bomb went off at Betania church.
5. May 17. Kasiguncu village. A bomb went off at Tabernakel Church.
6. May 18. Unknown people shot two Christians 8 times.
7. May 19. Pandajaya village. The only Christian house was burned.
8. May 21. Kasiguncu village. Three people were kidnapped when hunting at Bega Tua village.
9. May 23. Betania village. A group of LJ attacked the village.
10. May 24. Masani village. A group of unknown people attacked the village.
11. May 27. Mayasari village. Unknown people attacked a Christian.
June 2001 (7 incidents)
1. Jun 7 – 9. Lembomawo village. A fight between Christians and Muslims.
2. Jun 10. Lembomawo village. One person was killed during gun shots and bomb explosion.
3. Jun 24. Kawua district. A bloody conflict between Muslims and Christians, with army officers backing the LJ.
4. Jun 21 – 27. Tiwa village, Morowali district. A military officer beat a local driver. Local people retaliated. June 22, a truck full of military officers came to the village and started shooting randomly. One man was shot dead. About 100 people attacked a police station in Tomata village after they could not find the military officer who beat the driver. They started to burn houses in that village. June 24, riots started to spread to Taliwan village, causing heavy casualties on properties.
5. Jun 27. Peleru village. About 60 men kidnapped 4 Christians.
6. Jun 27. Saatu and Pinedapa villages. Bombs wet off, followed by gun shots. Casualties: 2 churches were burned, one pregnant woman was shot dead, one man was shot in his foot, many houses were burned.
July 2001 (17 incidents)
1. Jun 30 – Jul 1. Malei village. LJ attacked the village. Casualties: most of houses were burned, a 60 year old man was shot dead, a church was burned. An army base was only about 150 meters from the conflict location, but no military came down to take control of the 2 day conflict.
2. Jul 2. Galuga village. LJ burned most of the houses, if not all, in that village.
3. Jul 4. Buyung Katedo village. 14 people were killed when the village was attacked.
4. Jul 4. Sayo village. 4 people were killed when the village was attacked.
5. Jul 5. Malewa village. LJ attacked the village
6. Jul 5. Tanamawau village. LJ attacked the village.
7. Jul 5. Toyobo village. 6 Christian men were found dead.
8. Jul 12. Gandalari, Bayuntaripa, Korondali villages. LJ attacked those villages at the same time.
9. Jul 13. A group of Christians demonstrated in front of the army headquarters demanding justice and security, but they were shot at and 2 people were killed.
10. Jul 17. Saatu village and Pinedepa villages. LJ attacked those 3 villages. Casualties: 1 church and house were burned, a pregnant woman and a chief of one of the villages were shot dead.
11. Jul 18. LJ attacked a truck carrying produce going from Palopo to Morowali, stole 100 million Rupiah, and kidnapped 4 people.
12. Jul 21. Poso. Hanafi Manganti (Christian) found dead. Antariksa bus was attacked, passengers survived.
13. Jul 22. Matalo village. 60 LJ attacked the village.
14. Jul 24. A bomb went off in front of police headquarter when Muslims were demonstrating in front of the building.
15. Jul 29. Panjila village. LJ stopped a public bus and searched for Christians. 3 passengers were injured, 2 were murdered, 1 was kidnapped.
August 2001 (2 incidents)
1. Aug 2. Kilo and Kameasi villages. 60 LJ came by boat from the water, attacked the villages with Molotov bombs. Casualties: Houses and a church were burned, a pastor was shot, 2 villagers were burned.
September 2001 (8 incidents)
1. Sep 3. Poso. A mysterious shooting. Drs. J. Kogege, rector of Sintuwu Maroso University, was shot in the while driving his car.
2. Sep 5. A mysterious shooting. A staff of Poso District was attacked when he went to collect his salary in the office.
3. Sep 5. Betania village. LJ attacked the village.
4. Sep 7. Poso Pesisir. A mysterious shooting. A man and a woman were shot.
5. Sep 12. Kasiguncu village. A woman was kidnapped.
6. Sep 12. Wayaga village. A man was kidnapped.
7. Sep 17. A mysterious shooting. 2 men were shot while working in their field. One was dead.
8. Sep 19. Kawege village. LJ attacked the village.
October 2001 (5 incidents)
1. Oct 1. Tomata village, Mori Atas District, Morowali, Taripa village, Pamona Timur District, Poso. LJ attacked those villages. Casualties: 66 houses, 1 church and 1 school building were destroyed by bombs; 11 motorcycles were burned, 1 person was murdered, and 2 were heavily injured by gun shot.
2. Oct 12. Maranda. A public bus, PO Omega direction Tentena-Palu, was bombed. The bus was destroyed and many passengers were injured.
3. Oct 14. Sausu area. A public bus, direction Tentena-Palu, was hit by automatic gunfire. Casualties: 1 woman was shot dead, 8 were heavily injured.
4. Oct 16. Madale village. Mysterious shootings. 1 man was shot dead, several were injured.
5. Oct 17. Kamba village. A bus direction to Kolodale-Palu was burned.
November – December 2001 (Dec 19 – 21 – Malino agreement)
1. Nov 28 – Christmas eve. LJ attacked several villages, heading toward Tentena.
2. Dec 24. Kasiguncu village. 4 houses belonging to Christians were burned.
3. New Year’s eve. Bombs went off at GKI Sulsel church, GPDI church (Tamrin street), Gereja Advent church, GPDI church (Gajahmada church), GKMI church.
1. Jan 1. Sepe village. A Muslim attacked by Christians.
2. Jan 16. Malei village. A mysterious shooting. 4 Christians working in a durian plantation were shot, 1 was killed.
1. May 16. Tamanieka, Masani villages. Agus Pasule was murdered. Stefanus was kidnapped.
2. May 28. Poso City. 3 bombs went off.
1. Jun 6. Landangan, Tonipa village. A public bus, Antariksa, was bombed. 5 people died, 16 were seriously injured.
2. Jun 9. Kayamanya village. Risman Pontali was found dead with his throat sliced.
1. Jul 1. Tagolu, Lage district. A pastor’s house was bombed and damaged completely.
2. Jul 2. Sepe village. An attempted attack by LJ was contained by security officers.
3. Jul 3. Landangan, Tonipa village. A mysterious shooting. 2 mysterious men on a motorcycle shot Iyer Lengkono. Iyer died in the hospital 5 days later.
4. Jul 3. Kayende village. A bomb went off. No casualties.
5. Jul 6. Poso City. A house belong to Katemba was burned.
6. Jul 6. Poso City. A mysterious shooting. 2 mysterious men on motorcycle shot Yos Tampodung.
7. Jul 6. Ujung Tibu, Tojo district. Bernadus Palinja was attacked and tortured while on public transportation.
8. Jul 7. Wayura village. A mysterious shooting. Ones Lawira was shot dead while working in his farm.
9. Jul 11. Bategencu village, Lage district. A mysterious shooting. Albert Lawodi and Sem Tampusu were shot and seriously injured.
10. Jul 11. Silanca village, Lage district. A Muslim was beaten by a group of Christians.
11. Jul 12. Kawua, Poso City. A bomb exploded in front of a public bus, PO Omega. 1 was killed, 4 were heavily injured.
12. Jul 19. Tokorondo village. A mysterious shooting. 2 Hindus men were shot dead, I Nyoman Mandre and I Made Sabir.
13. Jul 22. Mayoa village, South Pamona district. A mysterious shooting. 3 people were shot while working on their farm.
14. Jul 22. Pendolo village, South Pamona district. A mysterious shooting. 3 motorcycles and a public bus, Adi Putra, were shot.
15. Jul 22. Toini village, Poso Pesisir. A church was burned.
16. Jul 23. Tentena. Sangle Mosque was attacked by Christian youth.
17. Jul 24. Pandajaya village, South Pamona district. 2 public buses were attacked by Muslim mobs.
1. Aug 3. Tegal Rejo village. Sudirman’s (44 years old) body was found dead. He was missing/disappeared since Aug 1.
2. Aug 4. Matako village, Tojo district. The village was attacked with bombs and automatic machine guns. 13 houses and 2 churches were burned, 6 people were heavily injured.
3. Aug 4. Matako village. The Christian youths took revenge for the morning attack by burning a vehicle belonged to a Muslim from Uekuli village.
4. Aug 6. Pandiri village. 27 houses belonging to Muslims were burned.
5. Aug 6. Malitu village. The village was attacked by 9 masked men using M16 automatic machine guns. 21 housed were burned.
6. Aug 7. Magapu, Kamba village. 2 houses belonging to Muslims were burned by Christians from that same village.
7. Aug 8. Pandiri village. Local people burned a police, Brimob, office.
8. Aug 9. Mayoa village, South Pamona district. A mysterious shooting. A public bus, Batutumonga, was shot by machine guns. An Italian tourist, Lorenzo Taddey was shot dead, 3 people were injured.
9. Aug 9. Pandiri village. Christians burned 4 houses belonging to Muslims.
10. Aug 9. Watuaw and Ranononcu villages, Lage district. Public buses, from Makassar to Gorontalo, were stopped by local people. One passenger was missing.
11. Aug 10. Malei village, Lage district. Gun fight between Christians and Muslims. Casualties are unknown.
12. Aug 10. Silanca village, Lage district. 3 people, including a police officer, were stopped by local people. Two were reported missing, one was able to escape.
13. Aug 11. Tongko-Malei, Lage district. Gun fight during a visit by Minister of Social Welfare, Yusuf Kalla.
14. Aug 11. Malei village, Lage district. The village was attacked using automatic machine guns. 1 person was shot dead, 1 was missing.
15. Aug 11. Kayamanya village. Local people conducted ID sweep on passers. 1 person was murdered.
16. Aug 11. Sintuwu Lemba. 1 church and houses belonging to Christians were burned.
17. Aug 11. Ranononcu village. Houses were burned. No one knows who did it.
18. Aug 12. A Christian school was burned.
19. Aug 12. A Church, Eklesia GKST, was burned.
20. Aug 12. Sangele. A mosque was burned.
21. Aug 12. Tentena. Christian mob burned Alugoro, a public bus.
22. Aug 12. Sepe, Bategencu and Silanca villages. The villages were attacked by about 50 masked men using bombs and automatic machine guns. About 1,000 houses were burned, 4 people were dead, 2 were heavily injured.
23. Aug 13. Kayamanya and Sayo villages. 2 public buses were attacked by Muslim mobs.
24. Aug 13. Tentena. Christian mobs burned 2 mosques.
25. Aug 14. Poso Central Market. A guard was beaten by a mob, and a motorcycle was burned.
26. Aug 15. Between Taliwan and Peleru villages. A mysterious shooting. 3 people were shot dead.
27. Aug 15. Mayumba village, Mori Atas district. About 50 masked men attacked the village. 1 child was dead, 68 houses were burned.
28. Aug 15. Tomata village, Mori Atas district. Christian mobs attacked a Muslim house.
29. Aug 16. Morowalyu district. A village was attacked. 1 baby was killed, 1 person was injured, 43 houses were burned.
30. Aug 17. Mayumba village. The village was attacked. 4 people were killed, 43 houses were burned.
31. Aug 18. Poso City. Bombs went off at 5 different locations.
32. Aug 20. Bunta Toini village. The village was attacked. 1 house was burned.
33. Aug 27. Gebang Rejo. 2 bombs went off. 1 police and 1 civilian were killed.
1. Sep 18. Bomb went off at Maranatha Bible school. 2 persons and a police officer were killed.
2. Sep 26. Poso Central market. A bomb went off in a car belonged to Guntur Assa, while it was parked.
3. Sep 26. Tambualo, Pandiri village. Mincanda had a gun pointed at him by several people. He managed to escape with several bullet wounds.
4. Sep 26. Pandiri and Betania villages. Mysterious shooting. A group of people were shot. No casualties.
5. Sep 29. Saatu village. Mysterious shooting. Hamsi Laupa died from several gunshots..
6. Sep 30. Kawua village. Mysterious shooting. Mrs. Sampel was shot.
1. Oct 3. Police caught Yasir Ibnu with explosives and ammunitions. Yasir was found guilty and sentenced to 2 years in prison. During his imprisonment in Jakarta, Yasir shared with Rev. Damanik some of the terrorist activities in Poso area. Based on the ongoing trial of the Bali Bombing it is clear that there is a link between Jemaah Islamiyah and Al Qaeda, and it is also clear from several different reports that JI has used Poso as part of their training grounds and logistical center.
2. Oct 16. A bomb was found at the Central Sulawesi State Court 2nd floor.
3. Oct 22. Matako village. A police officer beat a civilian, and he was hospitalized.
1. Nov 7. Gebangrejo village, Poso City district. Mysterious shooting. Yosep Mekahube was shot in the head while riding his motorcycle.
2. Nov 25. Poso City. Assar Monunggo was beaten by police officers.
Dec 1. Gebangrejo, Poso City. A bomb went off, destroying 3 government offices.
Dec 4. Kawende village. Mysterious shooting. Agustinus Baco was shot to death while working on his plantation.
Dec 5. Gebangrejo village. Mysterious shooting. 2 persons were shot and cut to death.
Dec 5. Malei-Lage village. Police officer beat a civilian.
Dec 24. Malei-Lage village. Mysterious shooting. Ahmad Mahfud was shot dead. His wife was able to escape with some knife wounds on her back.
Dc 24. Malei-Tojo village. Police officers stopped a civilian and beat him.
Dec 27. Tokorondo village. Mysterious shooting. Mohammad Jabir was shot dead and had some knife cuts on his back.
Dec 27. Kasiguncu village. Mysterious shooting. Ronda Sadayo was found dead with gun shot and knife cuts.
Central Sulawesi Christian Church (GKST) Crisis Center, GKST Church Information, CC-SAG Central Sulawesi.
Attachment 2 – Chronology of Reverend Rinaldy Damanik’s Imprisonment
Aug 15, 2002: Three Christian Citizens were killed in Peleru and both Peleru and Mayumba villages were attacked.
Aug 16, 2002: Rev. Damanik received a request for evacuation from both villages. Evacuation mission started.
Aug 17, 2002: Evacuation mission continued in Peleru village when Rev. Damanik and team were stopped by a police officer. There, their car was search by an officer from the Regional Police of Central Sulawesi. The search was done without any witness, and Rev. Damanik did not observe the search since he and his team were asked to move 50 meters away from the car. They along with the refugees left Peleru village later with the escort of a military officer from the Indonesian Armed Force Infantry Battalion 711.
Aug 22, 2002: The Summons Letter asking Rev. Damanik to come to the office of Regional Police of Central Sulawesi was released. This letter states that Rev. Damanik was a suspect and had violated Chapter 1 Law of Emergency No. 12/1951 by owning guns and ammunitions.
Aug 27, 2002: Rev. Damanik sent his response to the office of Regional Police of Central Sulawesi, with a carbon copy to the central government and to domestic and international church institutions denying the accusation by giving a logical and systematic explanation and showing the possibility of a conspiracy set up to keep Poso district in disorder.
Sep 5, 2002: A Summons Letter from the Central Police of the Republic of Indonesia was released and sent to Damanik to be a witness for the above issue. Damanik was asked to come to the office of the Central Police of the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta on September 9, 2002.
Sep 9, 2002: The Chief of Public Relations for the Central Police of the Republic of Indonesia, General Inspector of Police Saleh Saaf, stated that Damanik was summoned as a suspect instead of as a witness of the case.
Sep 10 ,2002: Chief of Central Police of the Republic Indonesia, General Da’i Bachtiar denied that Damanik was summoned as a witness. Instead, he said that Damanik was asked to come to Jakarta as a suspect in the case. The interrogation of Damanik began at 09.30. At 14.00, the Chief of the Regional Police of Central Sulawesi came to the interrogation room and later, at 17.45, 10 guns with 100 rounds of ammunition were brought into the interrogation room. Later in the evening Brigadier General Police Aryanto Sutadi as the Director of General Criminal, Investigation Corps of Police of the Republic of Indonesia stated that Damanik was officially detained as a suspect in violation to Chapter 1 Law of Emergency No. 12/1951 verse (1), junto Chapter 55 and 56 Book of Constitution of Criminal Law.
Dec 22, 2003: Damanik was secretly and covertly taken from Jakarta police jail and moved to Palu jail by Central Sulawesi police around 04.00 a.m. in the morning. Police told Damanik that his lawyers had been notified, which was a false statement by police, since none of Damanik’s lawyer had been notified. This is another violation by the police for not following proper legal procedure.
Dec 26, 2002: Rev. Damanik was poisoned while in custody of the local police. A relative of a cellmate brought rice for the cell. The police prepared and served the rice, but the rice handed to Damanik had been laced with fertilizer. The police violated procedure by hand-delivering food samples, rather than allowing the Food & Drug Department (DOM) to collect samples themselves. Further, no sample was every taken of Damanik’s vomit, contrary to policy. The police had earlier arrested one of Damanik’s cellmates for possessing such a fertilizer (which can be used in some bombs); therefore, the police had access to the food and to the poison. Damanik was later transferred to a prison under the auspices of the prosecutor, where he remains today.
Jan 6, 2003: Indonesia Minister of Justice and Human Rights, Dr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra, issued a decree about moving Rev. Damanik’s trial from Poso to Palu district. In that letter the Minister labeled Rev. Damanik as a provocateur of the Poso conflict, which was very improper conduct for a minister, especially by someone who is supposed to know the law of the land. Such blatant labeling had no legal effect but was only used to create a misperception of Damanik, and to affect the tone of the trial. Such conduct by a minister is another strong proof that human rights is not respected at all in Indonesia.
Feb 3, 2003: The trial was started.
Jun 2, 2003: Prosecutor presented their final charge, asking the court to sentence Rev. Damanik to a five year term of imprisonment.
Jun 9, 2003: The Defense Lawyers presented their final rebuttal against the prosecutor’s charges.
Jun 16, 2003: The Council of Judges of the State Court of Central Sulawesi in Palu delivered their verdict by sentencing Rev. Damanik to three years imprisonment.
Aug 7, 2003: Damanik’s appeal to the High Court of Central Sulawesi is denied.
Sep 15, 2003: The order extending Damanik’s detention, pending trial and subsequent appeal, expired. Another order has yet to be issued; however, Damanik remains imprisoned. By Indonesian law, Damanik is being wrongfully held. According to Indonesian criminal procedure, absent a court’s explicit order, the prosecution may only detain a defendant for a proscribed time.
Attachment 4 – Procedural irregularities
- Search of his vehicles on August 17, 2002 conducted without a warrant contrary to police procedure (KUHAP).
- Damanik not asked to sign a written acknowledgement of the search results contrary to police procedure (KUHAP).
- Results announced to media more than 24 hours after search
- Damanik invited by national police (POLRI) to serve as “witness” but changed to “suspect” upon arrival
- Transferred to Palu Regional Police on December 22, 2002 without notice to him or his defense counsel.
- Change of venue order from the Minister of Justice and Human Rights labeled Damanik a “provocateur.”
- Poisoned while in police jail custody, December 26.
- Poisoned food sample not collected by Food & Drug Department (DOM) as per regulations but brought to them by police.
- Sample of vomit not taken, contrary to regulations.
- Forced to attend trial despite debilitating illness, contrary to Criminal Procedure.
- Not asked in court whether he is fit to stand trial that day, contrary to Criminal Procedure.
- Indictment (BAP) signatures, one forged the other illegible
- Vehicle DN-790E police testify searching on August 17; yet prosecution witness, a mechanic named Taswin, testifies that vehicle was in his shop and later confiscated by the police.
- Some police testify Damanik was driving; yet Damanik had recently broken his arm and it was in a sling. He could not drive.
- Some police testify that Damanik was in a blue SUV; yet he was actually in a black SUV.
- Prosecution Crown Witness testifies that he was beaten while in police custody and that his written statement was a result of that police brutality.
- Verdict was based on “moral and social justice.” Judges never explained what these terms mean. Based on previous cases, this means that the judges could have received threats or intimidation from on-high that, if Damanik was not convicted, street riots would be instigated. It is reported that Palu, on the eve of the verdict, seemed quite strange. All the hotels were fully booked and Christian and Muslim intelligence received reports of activity that lead them to beef up and even coordinate their security efforts.